Course Content
What is Research?
Meaning, Types, and Characteristics of Research
Meaning, Types, and Characteristics of Research
Types Of Research For UGC NET Exam 2022
Types Of Research For UGC NET Exam 2022
Positivism & Post-Positivistic Approach in Research for UGC NET Exam
Positivism & Post-Positivistic Approach in Research for UGC NET Exam
Research Process for UGC NET Paper-1
Research Aptitude Process for Paper-1
Application Of ICT
Application Of ICT In Research
Research Ethics
Research Ethics
Research Aptitude UGC NET JRF – Paper 1 Full Course
About Lesson

Types Of Research For UGC NET Exam 2022

Descriptive Research

Analytical Research

It answers questions such as ‘what is or ‘what was’ i.e describes the problem.

In this researcher use facts to explain ‘why it has occurred’ or ‘how it occurred’

It includes survey and fact-finding inquiries with adequate interpretation.

It attempts to make a critical evaluation of the material.

Example- analyzing the trend of rising coronavirus cases.

Example- analyzing the reason behind the rise in coronavirus cases.


Fundamental Research

Applied Research

It makes an addition to existing knowledge

It is used to find out solutions to existing problems.

It is used to discover new things or any invention.

It is used in applications.

It is extensive.

It is intensive.

Deductive Research

Inductive Research

It is also termed top-down or general-to-specific.

It is termed a bottom-up approach.

This, the theory is tested with the help of available information.

in this, theories are formulated, and new ideas are explored.

It begins with a hypothesis

It begins with research questions.

Structured Research

Unstructured Research

Everything part of research is predetermined such as the objective, design, sample, and questions.

This allows flexibility because it is not predetermined for formulating research.

It is more appropriate to determine the extent of the problem.

It is more appropriate to explore the nature of the problem.

It is used in quantitative research.

It is used in qualitative research.


Qualitative Research

Quantitative Research

It is inductive and deals with phenomena’s quality.

It is deductive and deals with phenomena’s quantity.

In this, the sample size is small.

In this, the sample size is more significant.

It tells about why.

It tells about how much or how many.


Conceptual Research

Empirical Research

It is used by philosophers and thinkers to develop new concepts or for reinterpretation.

It relies on experience or observation alone.

It is related to some abstract idea or theory.

In this, the researcher must formulate a working hypothesis.

It is based on a theoretical approach.

It is based on the Experimental approach.


Innovative Research

Incremental Research

It deals with the innovation of new ideas, new technology, or a new technique to solve a problem.

In this, improvement or extension of something occurs on exiting thing.

Example- Research for Coronavirus vaccine

Example- Research conducted by a company to improve the product.

Ex Post Facto Research

  • Ex post facto study or after-the-fact research is a category of research design in which the investigation starts after the fact has occurred without interference from the researcher.

Historical Research

  • It is similar to Ex Post Facto Research and usually focuses on the historical aspect of an issue.
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