Course Content
What is Research?
Meaning, Types, and Characteristics of Research
Meaning, Types, and Characteristics of Research
Types Of Research For UGC NET Exam 2022
Types Of Research For UGC NET Exam 2022
Positivism & Post-Positivistic Approach in Research for UGC NET Exam
Positivism & Post-Positivistic Approach in Research for UGC NET Exam
Research Process for UGC NET Paper-1
Research Aptitude Process for Paper-1
Application Of ICT
Application Of ICT In Research
Research Ethics
Research Ethics
Research Aptitude UGC NET JRF – Paper 1 Full Course
About Lesson

Action Research

  • It refers to a wide variety of evaluative, investigative, and analytical research methods designed to diagnose problems or weaknesses in organizational, academic, or instructional places.
  • It further helps educators develop practical solutions to address them quickly and efficiently.
  • The steps of action research involve identification of a problem, data collection, data analysis and interpretation, development of a plan, implementation of a plan, and evaluation of results.
  • This research is also done when educator wants to learn more and improve educational technique.
  • The main aim is to create a simple, practical, repeatable process of iterative learning (Expressive an action that is repeated with frequency).

Correlational research

  • It is a type of non-experimental research method.
  • This type of research looks back at historical data and observes events in the past.
  • In this, a researcher measures two variables and understands and assesses the statistical relationship between them with no influence from any outside variable.
  • Example- Consider hypothetically; a researcher is analyzing a correlation between drinking alcohol and cancer. In this study, there are two variables: drinking alcohol and cancer. Let us say drinking alcohol has a positive association with cancer. This means that by drinking alcohol people are more likely to develop cancer.

Types of correlational research

1. Positive correlation

  • In this when one variable increases, it leads to an increase in the second variable as well.
  • A decrease in one variable sees a decrease in other variables.
  • For example, the amount of money a person has might positively correlate with the number of cars the person owns.

2. Negative correlation 

  • In this, the variables are opposite to each other.
  • An increase in one variable leads to a decrease in another variable and vice versa.
  • For example, the level of increase in education might lower the crime rate in the country.

Explanatory research

  • this type of research focuses on explaining a problem, situation, or happening.
  • This research is conducted to help the researcher to scrutinize the problem that was not studied before deeply.
  • It helps the researcher in understanding the problem but it doesn’t give conclusive evidence.
  • In this, the researcher may have to adapt to the new insight or data that he/she may encounter.
  • The purpose of this research is to increase the understanding of a researcher on a certain subject.
  • Commonly used sources in this type of research are secondary sources like published literature or data.

Ex post facto

  • This research is also called after-the-fact research.
  • In this, the investigation starts after the event has already occurred.
  • It is used to study the association between variables when the researcher has no control over the independent variables.
  • It is used in social science to study human behavior as it cannot be controlled.

Longitudinal research

  • In a longitudinal study, researchers repeatedly examine the same individuals to detect any changes that might occur over some time.
  • Such type of research focuses more on analyzing the trend or behavior changes over some time.
  • The daily routine of tracking someone’s exercise is longitudinal research.




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