Course Content
What is Research?
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Meaning, Types, and Characteristics of Research
Meaning, Types, and Characteristics of Research
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Types Of Research For UGC NET Exam 2022
Types Of Research For UGC NET Exam 2022
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Positivism & Post-Positivistic Approach in Research for UGC NET Exam
Positivism & Post-Positivistic Approach in Research for UGC NET Exam
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Research Process for UGC NET Paper-1
Research Aptitude Process for Paper-1
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Application Of ICT
Application Of ICT In Research
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Research Ethics
Research Ethics
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Research Aptitude UGC NET JRF – Paper 1 Full Course
About Lesson

Hypothesis – It is an assumption or proposition whose tenability(Capability of being justified) is to be tested based on its implications with empirical evidence and with previous knowledge. It is the presumptive statement of a proposition or a reasonable guess, based upon the available evidence, which the researcher seeks to prove through his/her study. According to Van Dalen  “A hypothesis serves as a powerful beacon that lights the way for the research worker.” Hence, setting a hypothesis when we start our Research is extremely necessary as it provides the direction and objective of our research project. 

Functions of Hypothesis

  • The hypothesis predicts the association or relationship between two or more variables
  • hypothesis indicates what to look for in an investigation
  • Instruct how to select a sample, choose a design of Research, how collect data and how interpret the results to draw valid conclusions.
  • It helps in formulating the theory of Research
  • It determines the domain and range of Research
  • It enhances the objectivity in Research and simultaneously strengthens the claims of Research.

Sources of Hypothesis: The formulation of a good hypothesis is a difficult task. It requires a researcher to be speculative, imaginative have good knowledge, deep insight, and an analytical mind. The sources that are available to a researcher for deriving a tenable hypothesis are as follows:

  • The creativity and experience of the researcher help in deriving an adequate hypothesis
  • Background information about the topic is necessary, a rich background of knowledge enables the researcher to locate the key association among the variables. Hence, the literature review is a major step of Research.
  • A researcher must possess a versatile intellect to spot the contributing variables very quickly in a study and to creatively imagine the output or solution to the problem. Thus, an alert mind is capable of deriving a meaningful hypothesis and rejecting a faulty hypothesis.
  • Analogies are a strong source for the formulation of hypotheses and finding out solutions to the problem. Reasoning by analogy is based on similarities and differences between two situations in which a similar or the same phenomenon or event takes place.
  • A systematic review and analysis of theories developed in the field of psychology, sociology, political science, and even biological sciences may help the researcher to provide a suggestive base to formulate a hypothesis.

Characteristics of Good Hypothesis

  • It must be testable.
  • It must state the expected relationship between the variables.
  • It must state the expected relationship between the variables.
  • It must be clear and stated in a precise manner.
  • The Hypothesis should be limited in scope.
  • A hypothesis must be consistent with known facts. It must be consistent with a substantial body of facts.
  • The Hypothesis should be amenable to testing within a reasonable time.
  • It should be future-oriented that it should have the ability to predict future events.
  • It should be able to prevent blind Research.

Let’s see a sample of the Hypothesis

Hypothesis:- “Academic achievement varies according to the level of intelligence.”

This Hypothesis suggests that intelligence influences academic achievement. Here Intelligence and academic achievement are the two measurable variables.

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