Definition of Research :
Research is a logical and systematic search for new and useful information on a particular topic.
In the well-known nursery rhyme
“Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, How I Wonder What You Are”
The use of the words how and what essentially summarizes what research is. It is an investigation of finding solutions to scientific and social problems through objective and systematic analysis.
It is a search for knowledge, that is, a discovery of hidden truths. Here knowledge means information about matters. The information might be collected from different sources like experience, human beings, books, journals, nature, etc. Research can lead to new contributions to existing knowledge.
Only through research is it possible to make progress in a field. Research is indeed civilization and determines the economic, social, and political development of a nation. The results of scientific research very often force a change in the philosophical view of problems that extend far beyond the restricted domain of science itself.
Objectives of Research
The prime objectives of the research are :
- to discover new facts
- to verify and test important facts
- to analyze an event or process or phenomenon to identify the cause and effect relationship
- to develop new scientific tools, concepts, and theories to solve and understand scientific and nonscientific problems
- to find solutions to scientific, nonscientific, and social problems and
- to overcome or solve the problems occurring in our everyday life.
Research is not confined to science and technology only. There are vast areas of research in other disciplines such as languages, literature, history, and sociology. Whatever might be the subject, research has to be an active, diligent and systematic process of inquiry to discover, interpret or revise facts, events, behaviors and theories. Applying the outcome of research for the refinement of knowledge in other subjects, or in enhancing the quality of human life also becomes a kind of research and development.
According to Redman and Mory (1923), research is a “systematized effort to gain new knowledge”. In simple terms research refers to a search for knowledge. It is a scientific and systematic search for information on a particular topic or issue. It is also known as the art of scientific investigation.