Complete Geography Course Class 6
About Lesson

Maps Class 6 Notes  Geography Chapter 4

A globe can be useful when we want to study the Earth as a whole.

A map is a representation or a drawing of the Earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.

When many maps are put together we, get an Atlas.

Physical maps show the natural features of the Earth.

Political maps show different boundaries of different countries and states.

Thematic maps focus on specific information.

There are three components of maps—distance, direction, and symbol.

Distance

  • The scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
  • If you know the scale, you will be able to calculate the distance between any two places on a map.
  • When large areas like continents or countries are to be shown on paper, then we use a small-scale map.
  • When a small area like your village or town is to be shown on paper, then we use a large-scale map. Direction
  • There are four major directions, North, South, East, and West. They are called cardinal points.
  • We can find out the direction of a place with the help of a magnetic compass.

Symbols

  • The conventional symbols give a lot of information in a limited space.
  • The blue color is used for showing water bodies, brown for mountains, yellow for a plateau, and green is used for plains.

Sketch

  • A sketch is a drawing mainly based on memory and spot observation and not to scale.
  • A rough drawing drawn without scale is called a sketch map.

Plan

  • A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale.
  • There are certain things which we may sometimes want to know, for example, the length and breadth of a room.

A map is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.

Maps are of different types—physical maps, political maps, and thematic maps.

Physical maps show natural features of the earth, political maps show cities, towns, countries, etc. with their boundaries and thematic maps focus on some particular information such as maps showing the distribution of population.

The three components of maps are distance, direction, and symbol.

A scale is needed to represent a small distance on paper for a large distance on the ground. Thus, scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.

A small-scale map is used to show large areas like continents or countries on paper.

A large-scale map is used to show a small area like a village or town on paper.

There are four major directions—North, South, East, and West, known as cardinal points.

There are four intermediate directions—north-east (NE), south-east (SE), south-west (SW) and north-west (NW).

Symbols are used to show features like buildings, roads, bridges, etc. on the map. By using symbols we make the map very informative.

Maps have a universal language. There is an international agreement regarding the use of these symbols. These are called conventional symbols.

A sketch map is a rough drawing without scale.

A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale.

Map: It is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.

Scale: It is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.

Cardinal points: The four directions—North, South, East and West—are called cardinal points.

Symbols: To represent buildings, roads, bridges, etc. on the map we use symbols. These symbols are of universal significance.

Sketch: A sketch is a drawing mainly based on memory and spot observation and not to scale.

Plan: A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale.

We hope the given Maps Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 4  Pdf free download will help you. If you have any queries regarding Maps Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 Notes, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

Join the conversation
Skip to toolbar