Course Content
On Equality Chapter 1 in Hindi & English
On Equality - Civics Social Science Chapter 1 in Hindi & English
A Shirt in the Market – Chapter 8 Hindi & English
A Shirt in the Market - Chapter 8 Hindi & English
Class 7 Political Science Hindi (Civics)
About Lesson

Equality is a key feature of democracy and influences all aspects of its functioning. In NCERT & CBSE Notes Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 – On Equality

This chapter introduces you to the concept of dignity. The government’s role in passing laws and instituting policies is also discussed. In the end, the chapter briefly describes an issue of inequality in the United States of America to highlight that this is a global phenomenon and a feature of many democratic countries.

Equal Right to Vote:

In a democratic country, like India, all adults irrespective of what religion they belong to, how much education they have had, what caste they are, or whether they are rich or poor are allowed to vote. This is called universal adult franchise and is an essential aspect of all democracies. The idea of a universal adult franchise is based on the idea of equality.

Other kinds of equality:
Apart from being poor, people in India experience inequality, which is based on the caste system.

Recognizing dignity:
When persons are treated unequally, their dignity is violated. Dignity is the right of a person to be valued and respected for their own sake and to be treated ethically.

Equality in Indian democracy:
The Indian Constitution recognizes every person as equal. This means that every individual in the country, including male and female persons from all castes, religions, tribes, educational and economic backgrounds are recognized as equal.

The recognition of equality includes the following provisions in the Constitution:

Every person is equal before the law.
No person can be discriminated against based on their religion, race, caste, place of birth, or whether they are female or male.
Every person has access to all public places.
Untouchability has been abolished.
Steps were taken by Government to Implement Equality
The two ways in which the government has tried to implement the equality that is guaranteed in the Constitution is:

First through laws
Second through government programs or schemes
One of the steps taken by the government includes the midday meal scheme.

Issues of equality in other democracies
In many democratic countries around the world, the issue of equality continues to be the key issue around which communities struggle.

For example, in the United States of America, the African–Americans whose ancestors were slaves who were brought over from Africa, continue to describe their lives today as largely unequal. They were treated extremely unequally in the US and denied equality through the law.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination based on race, religion, or national origin. It also stated that all schools would be open to African–American children and that they would no longer have to attend separate schools specially set up for them.

Exercise Files
Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 – On Equality PDF in Hindi – Jhakaas Man Academy.pdf
Size: 1.11 MB
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